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The Hmar tribe still adhere to traditional culture by observing those festivals connected with agricultural cycle and other community rites. Their traditions are best reflected in their folksongs and dances.

Marriage: The Hmars follow the patriarchal system of marriage. The practice of bride price is still prevalent and the youngest daughter usually gets an extra price called 'Nuzum'. The youngest of the male gets to inherit his family's home and is responsible to take care of family properties.

Religion: In earlier times the Hmars practiced animism. They believed in “Pathien” or "Khuonu" (mother goddess) and animal sacrifices were made to them.

Now 99.9% of the Hmar tribe are Christians. They received the Gospel in 1910 when the Welsh missionary Mr Watkin R Roberts arrived at Senvon village in south Manipur.

As of now they are numerous churches in each villages where religious rites are performed according to the tenets of Christianity.

Music: Khuong (drum) is their main musical instrument. It is still used in their worship servises. Others include Pheiphit (whistle made of bamboo), Theihlea (bamboo flute), Darkhuong (gong), Darbu (set of small gong), Darmang (flat brass gong), Seki (set of mithun horn), Hna Mut (Leaf instrument), Perkhuong (guitar made of bamboo), etc.

Clans: According to the Hmar geneology, the following are the major clans:
Lungtau, Thiek, Khawbung, Pakhuong, Faihriem, Darngawn, Leiri, Ngurte, Khiengte, Pautu and Ngente.

(Last update on Dec 22, 2008)

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